St. Stanislaus was born in Szczepanow in Polan about  the year 1030. He studied at the cathedral school. He was ordained in the year 1060 . Twelve years later, he was bishop of Krakow. He became known as a zealous shepherd but uncompromising. The conflict that broke out between the king Boleslaw and Bishop Stanislaus had a tragic finale. His reason for today is not entirely clear perhaps it was immoral life of the monarch or defense subjects from its severity. The bishop Stanislaus was killed by the royal team (or the king himself?) during Mass., which is celebrated on April 11th (or May 8) 1079 in the church name St. Michael on the Rock. The body of the Holy quartered. A few years later, they were transferred to the Cathedral, where it rests today. After the crime king had to flee the country, according to tradition was monk in the Benedictine monastery in Osjaku.

Bishop Stanislaus, as the first Pole declared a saint in Assisi. John Paul II called him “the patron saint of the Christian moral order.”

Over the centuries they evoked the legend of the knitting of the body of St. Stanislaus. The cult of the Holy played in the thirteenth and fourteenth century an important historical role as a factor in shaping the thinking of Polish union. It was believed that in the same way as the body of St. Stanislaus connect and unite divided the principality on the district Polish Kingdom.

In the iconography of St. Stanislaus is presented in the costume of the pontifical crosier.

His attributes are: a sword, a martyr’s palm, foot raised. Sometimes it is shown the highest Polish eagle emblem.